Anise Pimpinella anisum L. **
Anise is an annual herbaceous plant of the family Umbelliferae (Umbelliferae). The root is spiny, slightly branched, reaching up to 60 cm in the soil. Only 1 stem is coming from each root. The stem is up to 60 cm high, upright, branched at the top, naked or covered with small hairs. The leaves are of different shape. The basal leaves are simple, heart-rounded, with long handles. The flowers are white, small, located on long handles in complex 8-12 radiant shades. The fruits are kept whole after drying. Their shape is inverse or wide-eyed. The sides are slightly flattened, pointed at the tip. Their surface is matte, greenish-gray to gray-brown, with short-lipped hair. It has a pleasant smell and a sharp, sweet taste.
It is cultivated in limited size in the southern part of our country. Anise is a warm-loving plant.
Fruit Anise (Fructus Anisi vulgaris) is used. Bere under our conditions at the end of July. When the waxy maturity occurs in half the fruit of the central shade and when they get a greenish-brown color. However, the full ripeness of all the fruits should not be awaiting. All parts of the plant contain essential oil.
In medicine, anise is used as spasmolytic, secretolytic, caramelic, and lactoconstrictor in inflammation of the respiratory mucosa of the cough, loss of voice, bronchial catarrh, asthma, digestive disorders in the stomach and intestine, kidney stones, etc.