Basil Ocimum basilicum
Basil / Basilicum (Ocimum basilicum) is an annual herbaceous plant of the Labiatae. The plant has a pleasant, characteristic aroma. The stem is up to 80 cm high. The leaves are ovate-oblong, opposite, yellow-green in color, with long handles. There are white, rarely red or pink colors. Blooms in the summer. Beer is June to August during full blossom.
It has rich content of essential oil, saponins and tannins, so it is used as a spice in culinary and perfumery.
In medicine, basil is widely used because of its various health properties - urinary tract infections, digestive problems, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and pain-relieving action, lowers blood pressure. It also has proven anti-viral and spasmolytic action, so it is used in the treatment of coughs, bronchitis and sore throat.
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