Common name: Dandelion

Latin name: Taraxacum officinale L.

Other names: “radica”, burdock, yellow milkweed, horse flower

Description: Dandelion is a perennial plant from the Compositae family. It is a highly variable species with many forms. The rhizomes are short and multi-headed. The stem is leafless, up to 30 cm. high, bare, rounded, thin and dry. The leaves are numerous, collected in a ground rosette, of different shapes and sizes. The stem emerges from the middle of the rosette and ends with one large inflorescence - a basket. All colors are golden yellow, tongue. The fruit is an oblong-wedge-shaped kite with white hairs. The leaves, stem and roots of the medicinal plant contain a milky juice. Blooms from early spring to late summer. In Bulgaria, dandelion is found in meadows, on grassy and sandy places, along roads and fences.

Part of the herb used: For medicinal purposes, the whole plant is used - the rhizomes (Rhizoma taraxaci) together with the aerial part (Herba taraxaci cum radicubis), as well as the entire aerial flowering part (Herba taraxaci).

Harvest time: The rhizomes are collected in the second half of Summer or in Autumn, when the leaves begin to wither. The aerial part is harvested April - August and depending on the purpose for which it is used can be harvested: the entire aerial part without the rhizome at the beginning of the flowering of the plant, the entire ground part together with the rhizome at the beginning of the flowering of the dandelion.

Chemical composition/Contents and properties: Dandelion contains folic acid, thiamin, triterpenes and sterols, potassium, iron, calcium, magnesium, protein substances, tannins, resins, phytonutrients, choline, fats, sterols, organic acids. Dandelion leaves and flowers contain flavonoids, vit. C, vit. B2, vit. B6, provitamin A, carotenoids, and the roots - bitter substances, phenolic acids, inulin, mucous substances, glycosides, rubber substances, etc. The herb has a diuretic and cholagogue effect, increases metabolism, purifies the blood, reduces cholesterol, regulates blood pressure, increases gastric secretion, increases breast milk, has a general strengthening effect on the body.

Medicinal action and application: Dandelion helps with problems with the digestive, kidney and bile systems, liver diseases, high cholesterol, allergies, arthritis and rheumatism, atherosclerosis, spring fatigue. The medicinal plant also has a good effect on gout, gas, diseases of the spleen, cough, etc.

Possibilities to offer at the customer's request:

Vesselino Ltd. offers their customers the plant in the following varieties:

  • Herba(leaves) roots - dried whole, crushed, cut to a certain size according to the customer's request, ground into herb powder/flour
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