Common dandelion Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Compositae family. A highly variable appearance with many forms. The rhizomes are short and multi-colored. The stem is lean, up to 30 cm high, naked, round, thin and dry. The leaves are numerous, collected in a grounded rosette, of different shapes and sizes. The stem protrudes from the middle of the rosette and ends with a large inflorescence - a basket. All colors are golden, pagan. The fruit is an elongated-wedge seed. Both the leaves and the stem and roots contain milk juice. Blooms from early spring to late summer.
In our country dandalion we find the meadows, the grassy and sandy places, the roads and the fences.
Rhizoma taraxaci, the entire Herba taraxaci and the entire plant - the rhizomes together with the herb (Herba teraxaci cum radicubis) are used. Ropes are dug in the second half of summer or autumn when the leaves begin to wither. The overhead part is picked from April to August and depending on the purpose for which it is used: the entire ground area without the rhizome at the beginning of the flowering of the plant, the whole land together with the rhizome at the beginning of the flowering of the plant.
In medicine, dandelion is used to enhance digestion, increase appetite, liver and bile diseases, gall stones, jaundice, hemorrhoids, as a sedative for stones, sand, etc. kidney disease, as an anthelmintic agent.