Dog Rose Rosa canina L.
The Dog Rose (Rosa Canina L) is one of the wild Rosaceous species, widely distributed in Bulgaria. It is up to 7 m tall, usually with arched twigs and crowned shoots, all of them provided with numerous prickly spikes that are modified leaves. The flowers are bipolar, large, in different colors (white, yellow, pink, red), single or 2-3 in one place, pleasantly aromatic. The fruits are with one seed, forming a "fake fruit" (rosehip).
Plants bloom in May-June, after foliation. The fruits are usually mature in autumn.
The rose hips are harvested before they soften from the beginning of September until the cold weather and the frosts fall. Harvesting is done by hand or with special combs, called rosehip-pickers.
Whole dried rosehips are in different shapes - spherical, ovate, bottled, with a glossy or matte surface that is often wrinkled. Their color is orange to dark red, and the flavor is sour, sweet, slightly astringent.
The wild dog rose is also used to produce rosehip flakes (the fleshy part of the fruit along with the skin), hippocampus flour and are used fresh for the production of marmalades, wines, juices, teas, etc.
The Rosa Canina is very rich in vitamin C, also contains B1, B2, vitamin P, K, E etc.
In medicine, the rose hips are used to treat scurvy, stomach, kidney, heart and eye diseases, thanks to the complex of vitamins, mineral salts, and others. It is used as a urinary stimulator, styptic agent for sands and stones in the excretory system. Also used for atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, lack of appetite, etc. The rose hips ash is used as an ointment for psoriasis.
The Dog Rose finds wide application in the food industry in the production of marmalades, jams, etc. With its rich chemical composition, it can be used in foods in fresh or dry form as well as in the form of an extract