Hawthorn Crataegus Laevigatus
Hawthorn is a thorny shrub of the Genus Rosaceae tall up to 3-4 m. Its stem has a smooth gray crust and is covered with prickly spines. The leaves are consecutive, usually with 3-7 deep cuts, not even jagged, most rounded and shiny on top. Young twigs are naked or with rare hairs. The flowers are small, white, rarely reddish, slightly aromatic, collected in thyroid inflorescences located on the tops. the pole is one, rarely 2, the fruit is fleshy and red and sometimes orange and round, with only one or two oval pits. It blooms in spring, and fruits ripen in August - October.
In our country it is spread over the bushes and forests all over the country.
The leaves (Folia Crataegi oxyacanthae), the flowers (Flores Crataegi oxyacanthae) and the fruits (Fructus Crataegi oxyacanthae) are used.
The leaves and the flowers picked May - July, and the fruits of August - October. The leaflets with berries are bred during flowering and after flowering of the plant while still green. The flowers are picked without the leaves or only the colored bristles with the attached leaves. The beasts are harvested at full maturation, but before they begin to soften.
In medicine, leaves and flowers are used as infusions as cardiovascular agents. Fruits are a valuable raw material for the food industry. Gloss wood is mainly used in turning.
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