Heartsease Viola Tricolor L.
Heartsease or so-called Wild pansy (Viola Tricolor) is a one-year or perennial herbaceous plant of the Violaceae family. The root is thin, strongly branched. Sometimes they come out on a few upright or upright stems. The stem is simply cut, not branched or branched almost four-pointed, up to 40 cm high, without shoots at its base, bare or with small hair. The leaves are consecutive, the lower hearts and the upper ovaries. Flowers vary in size and color. The cup is composed of 5 disparate lancets. The wreath is yellow and tricolor. A highly variable appearance with many forms. Blooms towards the end of spring. and the first half of the summer.
It is spread in Bulgaria on dry stony places, in bushes, crops, but only in low places and plains. Stocks of the plant are significant.
The above-ground part (Herba Violae tricoloris) of the Viola Tricolor is used. Picking from April to July. Cut the entire ground plane of the plant a few inches off the ground. The harvested material is immediately cleansed by blooming shoots and those with fruit. In our country, there are 24 species of Viola with many subspecies, varieties and shapes.
The above-ground part of the Viola Trocolor contains carotenoids, an essential oil consisting of salicylic acid methyl ester, up to 10% mineral salts, tannins, mucus, violaquercetrin and vitamin C.
The roots of Heartsease have found routine content, a small amount of alkali, saponins, glucose and a little essential oil.
In medicine, it is used as a uterine, cataract and cognitive agent. The snap action is due to soaps, a gargle for angina and aphtha. It is used in inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system such as bronchitis and coughs with thick secretions. It has anti-inflammatory and diuretic action.
External is used for compression and skin rashes, pimples, inflamed wounds and edema.