Lady’s bedstraw Galium verum L.
Lady’s bedstraw is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Rubiaceae family. The stem is up to 80 cm high, four-legged, upwardly, slightly branched. Leaves are narrow, oval, slanting, dark green, bare, bottom bristly. The flowers are small with bright yellow wreaths, gathered in dense brooms on the top of the stem and its branches, with a pleasant honey-like smell, which is intensified especially in the rain. The fruit is a dry nut, disintegrating into two halves. Blooms in the summer.
In our country we find the Lady’s bedstraw in grassy places, the dry meadows, the rare forests, the lowlands.
The upper part (Herba Galii veri) of the lion is used. Picking up is May-August, cut at a length of 20-30 cm from the top down. The stems do not tear the root, but they are cut off so that the plant is not destroyed. Contains tanning substances, dyes, lemon and silicic acid, traces of essential oil, wool dye, salts and milk clotting substances.
Used in medicine as a painkiller, laxative and diuretic, in skin rashes