Lemon balm Melissa officinalis L
The Lemon balm / Common Balm (Melissa Officinalis) - a perennial herbaceous plant (Lamiaceae, Labiatae), with a pleasant lemon smell, from where comes the other, and the name - lemon. Unprotected look. The stem is four ruddy, densely branched, up to 1 m high, covered with hairs. The colors are pale yellow, white or pink. The leaves are dark green opposite, with handles.
Blooms in June-October. The leaves and the flowering top parts of the stem (s) of the uterus are used.
Picking is in June - July. The picking time determined by what the herb will use, such as herb or essential oil. If it is used for essential oil, the first picking takes place after the flowering begins and the second one in the end of September and the beginning of October. If it is to be used as a herb, the picking of the uterine is necessary before the flowering, because it then loses the curative properties. It should be borne in mind that the herbs should not be picked up after blossoming, because then it almost loses its pleasant smell, which is appreciated.
The herb is often found in bushes and rare forests, on grassy and rocky places near villages, fences, courtyards and gardens all over the country.
In medicine, leaves are used (Folia Melissae) and flowering stem parts (Herba Melissae).
The leaves of lemon balm contain an essential oil composed of the terpene derivative citral, citronelal, geraniol, linalol, myrcene, ladehydes. It also contains tanning substances, resinous and bitter substances, enzymes and mineral salts.
They have antispasmodic (antispasmodic), antiviral, boost the immune system, act painkiller and have anti-inflammatory action. They are also used to calm the nervous system, for calm sleep it is recommended to make tea from balm. The uterus is also recommended to stimulate appetite and digestion processes. It is believed that the uterus suppresses nausea and vomiting. Use of squash in boils, skin irritations and others.
Application finds the essential oil of melissa in the canning, perfumery, soap, confectionery industry and is used in the aromatherapy of relaxation and relaxation.
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