Common melilot (field melilot) Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall.
Melilotus - it is a two-year-old herbaceous plant of the Bobov family. The root is whitish, strongly branched. The stem is up to 2 m high, upright, strongly branched, fibrous in its upper part. The leaves are triple, sequential, with long handles, bottom with short hairs. The blossoms are yellow, 3 -7 mm. long, collected in clusters of raccoon, often hanging down. The fruit is a monkey bean. Blooms in June - September.
It is found in the wet and grassy places, near the bushes, the roads, in the crops as a weed in the whole country.
The top blooming blooms (Herba Meliloti officinalis) of yellow communion are used. Picking - June to August. The top end of the stem is bruised at the beginning of the bloom and is cut to 25-30 cm from the top.
Melilotus contains the following active ingredients: melilotin, glycoside melitoloside, coumaric acid (melitolic acid), coumarin, choline, flavones, mucous substances, gums, tannins.
It is used in medicine as a neuro-soothing and softening agent, against headaches, migraine and insomnia, as an exhalation agent in chronic airway cataracts, such as a urinary tract, used in hemorrhoids.
It is also used in the perfumery, liqueur and dairy industry, as well as for the aromatization of cigarettes in the tobacco industry.