Mullein Verbascum Thapsus
Mullein (Verbascum Thapsus) is a two-year herbaceous plant of the family Scrophulariaceae. During the first year of the seed, only a leaf rosette develops, and in the second one a thick gate with trichomes stem, leaves and flowers. The root is strongly branched The stem is up to 2 m high, unbroken or only slightly tipped. The leaves are sequential, covered with multicellular trichomes. The flowers are large, golden-yellow, smaller in size, gathered at the top of the stem in a multicolored and prolonged grape-like inflorescence. Flowering starts from top to bottom. The cup and the crown are 5-piece. The marigold is large, golden yellow. The fruit is a multi-seed box cracked by 2 stitches. Blooms in the summer.
In Bulgaria Millein is meeting mainly on the dry grassy places, the sandy and stony slopes, untreated places near the bushes of 1000-2000 m above sea level.
Petals without the cups (Flores Verbasci) are used. Time to pick up a Mullein - Verbascum Thapsus is June - August. The petals are bursting with the stamens that are scattered without the cups during their full flowering. The smell is pleasant honey, and the taste is sweet.
In medicine, it is used as a good softening agent on the respiratory organs of colds, coughs, pertussis, bronchial spasms, bronchial asthma, cataracts, etc. The expectorant action is due to the presence of soaps and mucus in the lobe. It is also used for gastrointestinal diseases, diarrhea and for diseases of the liver and bile.