Nettle Urtica dioica L.
Common nettle (Urtica dioica) is a herbaceous, perennial plant of the Urticaceae family. The rhizome is long, creeping and branched. Stems are up to 3 m tall, four-necked, unbranched. The leaves are opposite to 15 cm. long. The flowers are of the same type, small, yellow-green, branch up to 10 cm long. The whole plant is covered with sparkling hairs.
It is found in the marshes, in humid and humid places of soils rich in organic matter up to 1500 m altitude.
The leaves (Folia Urticae) and the rhizomes (Rhizoma Urticae) of the nettles are used. Time for harvesting the leaves from May to October, and the roots July - October. Leaves are harvested immediately before or at the beginning of flowering. Ropes are dug in the second half of the summer or autumn after seed maturation.
Nettle (Urtica dioica) is a polyvitamin source, the fresh leaves contain formic and gallic acid, and the rhizomes contain starch and tannins.
In the medicine, nettle is used in avitaminosis, as a haemorrhagic agent, in hemorrhoids, during prolonged and profound menstruation, in gastric disorders, atherosclerosis, in bile and liver diseases, hair loss, rheumatism, rash, chronic bronchitis, etc.
Used in the pharmaceutical, food and perfumery industries.