Peppermint Mentha piperita L.**
Peppermint is a perennial culturally hybrid plant of the Labiatae family. It has a branched and shallow underground rhizome. The stems are four-pointed, strongly branched up to 1 m high. The leaves are elliptic, dark green, with short handles. The color is dense, light pink or violet. It has a strong characteristic smell. Flowering is in June until the end of August. It is found in a wild state on humid and sheltered, wind-protected places throughout the country. The leaves (Folia menthae piperitae) and the stalks (Herba Menthae piperitae) are used.
The cucumber mint is rich in essential oil, so it is grown as a cultural plant. Bulgaria is one of the largest producers of peppermint essential oil. Fully winterproof culture. Leaves are collected immediately before flowering or during flowering. Then they contain the most essential oil. Tea leaves are mostly used.
Mint essential oil is used in perfumery, cosmetics, medicine, food industry.
Mint is used as a painkiller, nourishing, gasoline and antiseptic, improves digestion, increases appetite, lowers blood pressure, stimulates cardiac activity. It has a cooling effect in the summer.
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