Marigold Calendula officinalis L.**
Marigold is an annual, rarely two-year, interstitial herbaceous plant of the Compositae family. The root is spindle-shaped with multiple branches. Stem is up to 50 cm high, branched and rough, partially hairy. The leaves are all-round, consistent and large. The flower baskets are up to 10 cm in diameter, orange-yellow. It blooms abundantly and continuously in June to October. The whole plant has a characteristic smell.
The marigold is multiplied by seeds that are sown in February - April on well-pre-ground soil. It is best developed in places with humid and sunny exposure, it does not tolerate sunburn.
Herba Calendulae and Flower Baskets (Flores Calendulae) are used. Picking up July - September. The topped parts of the plant berate during flowering. The flower baskets are picked or the whole basket or the pagan and the tubular flowers without the shells of the basket, the harvesting taking place during the full flowering of the plant.
Used in medicine as a biliary agent, against stomach and intestine pain, for appetite, for jaundice and externally for scarlet diseases - wounds, lichens, eczemas. Marigold has a bactericidal action, especially with regard to staphylococci and streptococci.
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