Salvia Salvia off. Subs.**dalmatica
The Salvia is up to 1 m high, heavily branched and lined semi-shrubs of the Labiatae. Stems are numerous, gray-brown. The leaves are oblong and latent, gradually narrowing at the base. The flowers are large, with violet up to 3 cm long. It blooms in June - July, with flowering starting from the bottom to the top. The fruit is made up of 4 nuts, which fall off when ripening in August - September. The whole plant has a specific pleasant smell.
In Bulgaria, it is wild in our warm edges. It is also grown as a decorative plant. They love the water-permeable and weed-free soils, the covenant. Propagated by seeds sown directly into the soil, dividing old roots and producing seedlings. Harvesting occurs 2-3 times a year at the beginning of the flowering of the crop when the leaves reach their longest length and before the frosts fall from May to November.
The leaves (Folia Salviae) and the entire herb part (Herba Salviae) are used.
In medicine, the leaves are used to improve digestion, gastrointestinal inflammations, stomach ulcers, liver and biliary inflammations.
The resulting essential oil is used in the food industry, perfumery and cosmetics, etc.
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