Common St John’s wort Hypericum perforatum L.*
St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) is a perennial herbaceous plant from the family Hypericaceae. The rootstock has a strongly branched root root. The stem is up to 60 cm high, bare, basically peeled, to the top strongly branched. The leaves are oval-elliptic, opposite, sitting, pale green, naked. The flowers are large, straight, located in a broom on the top of the main stem or its branches. The seeds are very small, oblong, dark brown. Blooms in the summer.
In Bulgaria it is found in the dry places, the hills, the bushes, along the roads and the uncultivated land, over 1000 - 2000 m above sea level.
And the St John's Herba Hypericiti (St John's Wort) is used. Pick up in the beginning of flowering or during flowering by cutting the chopped plant stems about 20 cm from the top. The thick, low-stemmed stalks should not be harvested.
It is used as a raw material in the chemical-pharmaceutical industry for a vascular drug.
In folk medicine it is used as a blood-clotting, clamping and antibiotic agent. Externally used to heal wounds from burns and other skin injuries.
A great application is also found in the liqueur and canning industry, and especially as a seasoning in the fish industry.