Thyme Thymus sp. diversa
Thyme is a highly polymorphous species, spread in our country in many species, subspecies, varieties and forms differing in size, branching and hairiness of the stems, the colors, the shape, the size and the hair of the leaves, etc. It is a perennial herb or semi-shrubs of the Labiatae family. Root system is highly developed, with numerous roots penetrating deep into the soil, less or more stiff. The stems are branched, many of them creeping on the ground and rooting in the nodes, vaguely 4-sided. The leaves are endless, opposed, linear or elliptical, with short handles or sessile, usually dark green on top, light green underneath, of varying shape and size. The stems and leaves are covered with small hairs or naked. Colors are collected at the tips of the stems and their branches in spherical, elongated or intermittent inflorescences. The cup is green, sometimes reddish, cylindrical or grainy, two-pointed, usually with 10 veins. The corolla is pale pink or red, rarely white. All the aerial parts of the plant (the leaves, the stems, the cup and the crown) are covered with glandular trichomes containing essential oil, from which light (especially the leaves) look dashed. The fruit is composed of 4 walnuts. The whole plant has a pleasant, characteristic smell. It blooms almost all summer.
In our country it is situated from the lowest to the highest mountains, on the dry, sunlit meadows and rocky places everywhere - from the sea shore to the snowline of the high mountains, often in abundance. Stocks are unlimited.
The flowering terrestrial parts (Herba Serpylli) of the thyme are used. Beer is May-August, by blooming the flowering overhead parts of the plant according to the order or just the leaves or the colored heads. The slivers of thin and grown stems grown at the beginning or during flowering are grown.
Thyme has been used since ancient times against snake bites, as a diuretic, and others. Used as a raw material in the pharmaceutical industry for the production of various drugs against cough, bronchitis, pertussis and others. It is used in folk medicine to relieve dry and spastic cough especially in pertussis, bronchitis, bronchial asthma, pulmonary inflammation, stomach cataracts and disorders, spasms and colic. The externally squeezed liquid is used for gargling, oral rinsing, non-stretching purulent wounds, joint compression in rheumatic diseases, and so on.