Valerian Valeriana officinalis L.**t
Valerian is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Duliankovi family (Valerianaceae). The rhizome is short, vertical, forming shoots, with a large number of corded and juicy root branches. The stem is one year old and is formed in the second year of planting. It is up to 2 m high, erect, hollow, longitudinally grooved, usually branched in the upper part. The size and shape of the leaves varies greatly, especially in cultivated plants. Sometimes the adherent and stem leaves are whole. The flowers are irregular, numerous, pink, white or purple, located in broadly branched, phallic or swollen inflorescences at the top of the stem. The fruit is dry light brown or brown, single-seeded, with a kite. Blooms from early spring to mid-summer.
Valerian is situated in the wet and shady meadows, along the rivers and streams, between the bushes and in the lowlands and mountains up to 1500 m above sea level. The dill requires fertile and well-developed soils.
The roots are used along with the rhizome of the sausage. (Rhizoma et radix Valerianae). Picking July - September, with roots and roots dug in September the second year after seed maturation. Then they are the richest of substances and give a good yield.
It has been established that the therapeutic effect of the wart is due to the entire complex of ingredients. Pharmacologically and clinically it has been shown to have a calming effect on the excited nervous system. It is used as an anti-spasmolytic drug in insomnia as a result of nervous exhaustion and mental fatigue, aroused conditions, nervous heart palpitations, gastrointestinal disorders of nervous soil. Roots are also used in the liqueur industry.