White willow Salix alba L.
The white willow is a shrub or a 30 m high tree with an irregular stem of the Salicaceae family. Root system is highly developed, with deep central root and lateral branches. The crown is wide and wrong. The trunk of the trunk is thick, dark brown, deep and cracked. The branches are horizontal to raised, thick, curved, irregular, fragile. The tops of the young branches are silvery, brown or yellowish, tough and a little drooping. The leaves are 4-10 cm long, up to 1.5 cm wide. The upper surface of the leaves is matte green to silver-white and below is covered with silver-white hairs. Recesses are lateral, located on long handles. They develop simultaneously with the leaves. Male reeds are thicker, dense, cylindrical, and females are thinner with greenish colors. It blooms in March-May, along with the trip. Fruit in May-June.
We meet in wet and sandy places, along rivers, wetlands, coastal forests, shrubs up to 600 meters above sea level.
The Cortex Salicis of the White Willow is used. Berat is from April to June, usually cutting the trees cut or intended for felling, as well as trim branches. Only 2-3 years old branches are harvested. Picking begins in the spring - during the juice movement in the plant.
White willow is used in folk medicine as an antiseptic and clamping agent, as an anti-inflammatory agent for gastrointestinal complaints, infectious arthritis, external to skin diseases, sweating of legs, nalagen on boils, purulent wounds, etc.