Yarrow (milfoil) Achillea millefolium L.
Yarrow is a perennial herbaceous plant with creeping underground shoots of the family of Compositae. The stem is up to 60 cm high, branched only at the top. The flowers are white, small collected in thick thyroid inflorescences. The whole plant of yarrow has a pleasant smell. Blooms in May - September.
It is here in the dry grassy places, near the roads and around the forests, in the meadows and around the bushes.
The stalks (Herba Millefolii) and flower buds (Flores Milefolii) are used.
Picking time from June to August. The stems are picked during blossoming. Flowers are picked at full blossoming in dry weather.
Yarrow contains essential oil with brown, yellowish or blue color. Essential oil condenses mainly into the inflorescences, and the bitter substances are in the leaves.
It is used in medicine as a haemorrhagic agent - internally in stomach and hemorrhoid haemorrhages and externally - in wounds, nasal bleeding, etc. Used for stomach pains, ulcers, gastritis. It is also widely used in the perfumery industry.